Ani'mal saabighaatinw wa qaddir fis sardi wa'maloo saalihan innee bimaa ta'maloona Baseer
[Commanding him], "Make full coats of mail and calculate [precisely] the links, and work [all of you] righteousness. Indeed I, of what you do, am Seeing."
1 A. J. Arberry
'Fashion wide coats of mail, and measure well the links. ' -- And do ye righteousness, for surely I see the things you do.
2 Abdul Haleem
saying, ‘Make coats of chain mail and measure the links well.’ ‘Do good, all of you, for I see everything you do.’
3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi
Saying: make thou complete coats of mail, and rightly dispose the links, and work ye, righteously; verily I am of that which Ye work a Beholder.
4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali
(Commanding), "Make thou coast of mail, balancing well the rings of chain armour, and work ye righteousness; for be sure I see (clearly) all that ye do."
5 Abul Ala Maududi
“Fashion coats of mail and measure their links with care and act righteously. I am watching over whatever you do.”
6 Ahmed Ali
"Make long coats of mail," (We said), "and fix their links, and do the right. I surely see whatsoever you do."
7 Ahmed Raza Khan
“Make large coats of armour and keep proper measure while making; and all of you perform good deeds; I am indeed seeing your deeds.”
8 Ali Quli Qarai
saying, ‘Make easy coats of mail, and keep the measure in arranging [the links], and act righteously. Indeed I watch what you do.’
9 Ali Ünal
(So that he was enabled to obey the command): "Make long coats-of-mail (to cover more of the body) and order with care the sequence (of actions in the process)". And (O family and followers of David,) do good, righteous deeds. Surely I see very well all that you do."
10 Amatul Rahman Omar
(We said to him,) `Make full length coats of mail (to cover the whole body) forging links of proper measure (for their smooth working).´ (And We also said to him and his followers,) `Do righteous deeds. I am a keen Observer of what you do.´
11 English Literal
That (E) make/do/work complete/long signs or hooks the attack helmets (shields) and predestine/evaluate/measure in the plentiful/(armour) and make/do correct/righteous deeds, that I am with what you make/do seeing/knowing .
12 Faridul Haque
"Make large coats of armour and keep proper measure while making; and all of you perform good deeds; I am indeed seeing your deeds.”
13 Hamid S. Aziz
And certainly We gave David grace from Us, saying, "O mountains! Echo his psalms of praise with him, and you birds also; and We made the iron pliant unto him,
14 Hilali & Khan
Saying: "Make you perfect coats of mail, balancing well the rings of chain armour, and work you (men) righteousness. Truly, I am AllSeer of what you do."
15 Maulana Mohammad Ali
And certainly We gave David abundance from Us: O mountains, repeat praises with him, and the birds, and We made the iron pliant to him,
16 Mohammad Habib Shakir
Saying: Make ample (coats of mail), and assign a time to the making of coats of mail and do good; surely I am Seeing what you do.
17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall
Saying: Make thou long coats of mail and measure the links (thereof). And do ye right. Lo! I am Seer of what ye do.
18 Muhammad Sarwar
so that he could make coats of mail and properly measure their rings. We told him and his people to act righteously. We are Well-Aware of what you do.
19 Qaribullah & Darwish
(saying): 'Make large coats of mail and measure their links well. Do good deeds, for surely I see the things you do'
20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri
Saying: "Make you perfect coats of mail, and balance well the rings of chain armor [Sard], and work you (men) righteousness. Truly, I am All-Seer of what you do."
21 Wahiduddin Khan
"Make full-length coats of mail, measuring the links well. And do righteous deeds. Surely, I see all that you do."
22 Talal Itani
“Make coats of armor, and measure the links well; and work righteousness. I am Observant of everything you do.”
23 Tafsir jalalayn
And We said; `Fashion, from it, long coats of mail -- complete suits of armour which the person wearing it drags behind him along the ground -- and measure [well] the links', that is, in the weaving of the coats (the maker of these is called sarrd). In other words, make them so that the rings thereof are arranged properly. And act, O family of David, together with him, righteously. Indeed I am Seer of what you do, and will requite you for it accordingly.
24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir
أَنِ اعْمَلْ سَابِغَاتٍ
Saying;Make you perfect coats of mail...,
which means chain mail.
He was the first person ever to make chain mail; before that, they used to wear plated armor.
وَقَدِّرْ فِي السَّرْدِ
and balance well the rings of chain armor (Sard),
This is how Allah taught His Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him, to make coats of mail.
Mujahid said concerning the Ayah;
وَقَدِّرْ فِي السَّرْد
(and balance well the rings of chain armor (Sard)),
"Do not make the rivets too loose that the rings (of chain mail) will shake, or make them too tight that they will not be able to move at all, but make it just right."
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said,
"Sard refers to a ring of iron."
Some of them said,
"Chain mail is called Masrud; if it is held together with rivets."
and work you (men) righteousness.
means, with regard to what Allah has given you of blessings.
إِنِّي بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ
Truly, I am All-Seer of what you do.
means, watching you and seeing all that you do and say؛ nothing of that is hidden at all