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aw
أَوْ
Or
iṭ'ʿāmun
إِطْعَٰمٌ
feeding
فِى
in
yawmin
يَوْمٍ
a day
dhī
ذِى
of
masghabatin
مَسْغَبَةٍ
severe hunger.

Aw it'aamun fee yawmin zee masghabah

Sahih International:

Or feeding on a day of severe hunger

1 A. J. Arberry

or giving food upon a day of hunger

2 Abdul Haleem

to feed at a time of hunger

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Or, feeding, in a day of privation,

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

Or the giving of food in a day of privation

5 Abul Ala Maududi

or giving food on a day of hunger

6 Ahmed Ali

Or to feed in times of famine

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

Or the feeding on a day of hunger.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

or feeding, during days of [general] starvation,

9 Ali Ünal

Or feeding, on a day of privation,

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

Or feeding in the time of famine

11 English Literal

Or feeding in a day/time of hunger/starvation/famine.

12 Faridul Haque

Or the feeding on a day of hunger.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

Or feeding on the day of privation,

14 Hilali & Khan

Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine),

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

An orphan nearly related,

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Or the giving of food in a day of hunger

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

And to feed in the day of hunger.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

or, in a day of famine, the feeding of

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

the giving of food upon the day of hunger

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Or giving food in a day full of Masghabah,

21 Wahiduddin Khan

or the feeding in times of famine

22 Talal Itani

Or the feeding on a day of hunger.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

or to give food on a day of hunger,

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ


And what will make you know the path that is steep?

- Freeing a neck,

- or giving food..."

Imam Ahmad recorded from Sa`id bin Marjanah that he heard Abu Hurayrah saying that the Messenger of Allah said,

مَنْ أَعْتَقَ رَقَبَةً مُومِنَةً أَعْتَقَ اللهُ بِكُلِّ إِرْبٍ أَيْ عُضْوٍ مِنْهَا إِرْبًا مِنْهُ مِنَ النَّارِ حَتْى إِنَّهُ لَيُعْتِقُ بِالْيَدِ الْيَدَ وَبِالرِّجْلِ الرِّجْلَ وَبِالْفَرْجِ الْفَرْج

Whoever frees a believing slave, Allah will free for every limb (of the slave) one of his limbs from the Fire. This is to such an extent that He (Allah) will free a hand for a hand, a leg for a leg, and a private part for a private part.

Ali bin Al-Husayn then said (to Sa`id), "Did you hear this from Abu Hurayrah"

Sa`id replied, "Yes."

Then `Ali bin Al-Husayn said to a slave boy that he owned who was the swiftest of his servants, "Call Mutarrif!"

So when the slave was brought before him he said, "Go, for you are free for the Face of Allah."

Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, all recorded this Hadith from Sa`id bin Marjanah.

Imam Ahmad recorded from `Amr bin `Abasah that the Prophet said,

مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا لِيُذْكَرَ اللْهُ فِيهِ بَنَى اللْهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ

وَمَنْ أَعْتَقَ نَفْسًا مُسْلِمَةً كَانَتْ فِدْيَتَهُ مِنْ جَهَنَّمَ

وَمَنْ شَابَ شَيْبَةً فِي الاِْسْلَمِ كَانَتْ لَهُ نُورًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة

- Whoever builds a Masjid so that Allah may be remembered in it, Allah will build a house for him in Paradise;

- and whoever frees a Muslim person, then it will be his ransom from Hell;

- and whoever grows grey in Islam, then it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.)

According to another route of transmission, Ahmad recorded from Abu Umamah, who reported from `Amr bin `Abasah that As-Sulami said to him,

"Narrate a Hadith to us that you heard from the Messenger of Allah, without any deficiency or mistakes."

He (`Amr) said, "I heard him saying,

مَنْ وُلِدَ لَهُ ثَلَثَةُ أَوْلَادٍ فِي الاِْسْلَمِ فَمَاتُوا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحِنْثَ أَدْخَلَهُ اللهُ الْجَنَّةَ بِفَضْلِ رَحْمَتِهِ إِيَّاهُمْ

وَمَنْ شَابَ شَيْبَةً فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ كَانَتْ لَهُ نُورًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

وَمَنْ رَمَى بِسَهْم فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ بَلَغَ بِهِ الْعَدُوَّ أَصَابَ أَوْ أَخْطَأَ كَانَ لَهُ عِتْقُ رَقَبَةٍ

وَمَنْ أَعْتَقَ رَقَبَةً مُوْمِنَـةً أَعْتَقَ اللهُ بِكُلِّ عُضْوٍ مِنْهُ عُضْوًا مِنْهُ مِنَ النَّارِ

وَمَنْ أَنْفَقَ زَوْجَيْنِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ فَإِنَّ لِلْجَنَّةِ ثَمَانِيَةَ أَبْوَابٍ يُدْخِلُهُ اللهُ مِنْ أَيِّ بَابٍ شَاءَ مِنْهَا

- Whoever has three children born to him in Islam, and they die before reaching the age of puberty, Allah will enter him into Paradise by virtue of His mercy to them.

- And whoever grows gray in the way of Allah (fighting Jihad), then it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.

- And whoever shoots an arrow in the way of Allah (fighting Jihad) that reaches the enemy, whether it hits or misses, he will get the reward of freeing a slave.

- And whoever frees a believing slave, then Allah will free each of his limbs from the Fire for every limb that the slave has.

- And whoever equipped two riding animals in the way of Allah (for fighting Jihad), then indeed Paradise has eight gates, and Allah will allow him to enter any of them he choses."

Ahmad recorded this Hadith from different routes of transmission that are good and strong, and all praise is due to Allah.

Allah said,

فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ




Or giving food in a day full of Masghabah,

Ibn `Abbas said, "Of hunger." `

Ikrimah, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah and others all said the same.

The word `Saghb' means hunger.

Then Allah says