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mani
مَّنِ
Whoever
ih'tadā
ٱهْتَدَىٰ
(is) guided
fa-innamā
فَإِنَّمَا
then only
yahtadī
يَهْتَدِى
he is guided
linafsihi
لِنَفْسِهِۦۖ
for his soul.
waman
وَمَن
And whoever
ḍalla
ضَلَّ
goes astray
fa-innamā
فَإِنَّمَا
then only
yaḍillu
يَضِلُّ
he goes astray
ʿalayhā
عَلَيْهَاۚ
against it
walā
وَلَا
And not
taziru
تَزِرُ
will bear
wāziratun
وَازِرَةٌ
a bearer of burden,
wiz'ra
وِزْرَ
burden
ukh'rā
أُخْرَىٰۗ
(of) another.
wamā
وَمَا
And not
kunnā
كُنَّا
We
muʿadhibīna
مُعَذِّبِينَ
are to punish
ḥattā
حَتَّىٰ
until,
nabʿatha
نَبْعَثَ
We have sent
rasūlan
رَسُولًا
a Messenger.

Manihtadaa fa innamaa yahtadee linafsihee wa man dalla fa innamaa yadillu 'alaihaa; wa laa taziru waaziratunw wizra ukhraa; wa maa kunnaa mu'azzibeena hatta nab'asa Rasoola

Sahih International:

Whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul. And whoever errs only errs against it. And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And never would We punish until We sent a messenger.

1 A. J. Arberry

Whosoever is guided, is only guided to his own gain, and whosoever goes astray, it is only to his own loss; no soul laden bears the load of another. We never chastise, until We send forth a Messenger.

2 Abdul Haleem

Whoever accepts guidance does so for his own good; whoever strays does so at his own peril. No soul will bear another’s burden, nor do We punish until We have sent a messenger.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Whosoever is guided, it is only for himself that he is guided and whosoever Strayeth, it is only against the same that he strayeth; and a burthen-bearer beareth not the burthen of anot her. And We have not been tormentors until We had raised an apostle.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

Who receiveth guidance, receiveth it for his own benefit; who goeth astray doth so to his own loss; No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another; nor would We visit with Our Wrath until We had sent an messenger (to give warning).

5 Abul Ala Maududi

He who follows the Right Way shall do so to his own advantage; and he who strays shall incur his own loss. No one shall bear another's burden. And never do We punish any people until We send a Messenger (to make the Truth distinct from falsehood).

6 Ahmed Ali

"He who finds the right path does so for himself; and he who goes astray does so to his own loss; and no one who carries a burden bears another's load. We never punish till We have sent a messenger.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

Whoever came to guidance, has come for his own good; and whoever went astray, has strayed for his own ruin; and no burdened soul will bear another’s burden; and We never punish until We have sent a Noble Messenger.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

Whoever is guided is guided only for [the good of] his own soul, and whoever goes astray, goes astray only to its detriment. No bearer shall bear another’s burden. We do not punish [any community] until We have sent [it] an apostle.

9 Ali Ünal

Whoever takes the right way takes it for the good of his soul only; and whoever goes astray, goes astray but to its harm only. No soul, as bearer of burden, is made to bear the burden of another. We would never punish (a person or community for the wrong they have done) until We have sent a Messenger (to give counsel and warning).

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

He who follows the right way follows it to his own good and he who goes astray, surely, he goes astray to his own loss. And no soul that bears the burden shall bear the burden of another. And We never punish unless We have sent a Messenger.

11 English Literal

Who was guided, so but he guides for himself, and who misguided, so but he misguides on it (himself) and no sinner/loader/burdener carries/loads/bears another`s sins/load/burden , and We were not torturing until We send a messenger.

12 Faridul Haque

Whoever came to guidance, has come for his own good; and whoever went astray, has strayed for his own ruin; and no burdened soul will bear another’s burden; and We never punish until We have sent a Noble Messenger.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

He who accepts guidance (or does right), accepts it only for his own soul: and he who errs, errs only against it; nor shall one burdened soul bear the burden of another. Nor would We punish until we had sent a Messenger (with warnings).

14 Hilali & Khan

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

Read thy book. Thine own soul is sufficient as a reckoner against thee this day.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Whoever goes aright, for his own soul does he go aright; and whoever goes astray, to its detriment only does he go astray: nor can the bearer of a burden bear the burden of another, nor do We chastise until We raise an apostle.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

Whosoever goeth right, it is only for (the good of) his own soul that he goeth right, and whosoever erreth, erreth only to its hurt. No laden soul can bear another's load, We never punish until we have sent a messenger.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

One who follows guidance does so for himself and one who goes astray does so against his soul. No one will suffer for the sins of others. We have never punished anyone without sending them Our Messenger first.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

Whosoever is guided is only guided for his own self, and whosoever goes astray it is only against it. No soul shall bear another's burden. Nor do We punish until we have sent a Messenger.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of himself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray at his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).

21 Wahiduddin Khan

Whoever chooses to follow the right path, follows it for his own good; and whoever goes astray, goes astray at his own peril; no bearer of burdens shall bear the burdens of another. Nor do We punish until We have sent forth a messenger to forewarn them.

22 Talal Itani

Whoever is guided—is guided for his own good. And whoever goes astray—goes astray to his detriment. No burdened soul carries the burdens of another, nor do We ever punish until We have sent a messenger.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

Whoever is guided, is guided only to [the good of] his own soul, because the reward of his guidance will be for him; and whoever goes astray, goes astray only to its [his soul's] detriment, because the sin thereof will be held against it. No burdened, [no] sinful, soul shall bear the burden of another, soul. And We never chastise, anyone, until We have sent a messenger, to make clear to him that which is his obligation.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

No One will have to bear the Sins of Another

Allah tells;

مَّنِ اهْتَدَى فَإِنَّمَا يَهْتَدي لِنَفْسِهِ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيْهَا

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of himself. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray at his own loss.

Allah tells us that whoever is guided and follows the truth, walking in the footsteps of the Prophet, he will gain the good consequences of that for himself.

وَمَن ضَلَّ
(And whoever goes astray),

meaning from the truth, deviating from the way of guidance, he is wronging himself and will have to bear the consequences.

Then Allah says;

وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى

No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden.

no one will have to bear the sins of another, and he does not wrong anyone besides himself, as Allah says;

وَإِن تَدْعُ مُثْقَلَةٌ إِلَى حِمْلِهَا لَا يُحْمَلْ مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ

and if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted. (35;15)

There is no contradiction between this and other Ayat;

وَلَيَحْمِلُنَّ أَثْقَالَهُمْ وَأَثْقَالاً مَّعَ أَثْقَالِهِمْ

And verily, they shall bear their own loads, and other loads besides their own. (29;13)

and;

وَمِنْ أَوْزَارِ الَّذِينَ يُضِلُّونَهُمْ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

and also of the burdens of those whom they misled without knowledge. (16;25)

For those who called others to do evil will bear the sin of their own deviation as well as the sin of those whom they led astray, without detracting the least amount from the burden of those people, and none of this burden shall be removed from them.

This is the justice and mercy of Allah towards His servants.

As Allah says;

وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّى نَبْعَثَ رَسُولاً



And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).
No Punishment until a Messenger has been sent

Allah tells us that out of His justice, He does not punish anyone until He has established proof against him by sending a Messenger to him, as He says;

تَكَادُ تَمَيَّزُ مِنَ الغَيْظِ كُلَّمَا أُلْقِىَ فِيهَا فَوْجٌ سَأَلَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَأ أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ نَذِيرٌ

قَالُواْ بَلَى قَدْ جَأءَنَا نَذِيرٌ فَكَذَّبْنَا وَقُلْنَا مَا نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ مِن شَىْءٍ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلاَّ فِى ضَلَـلٍ كَبِيرٍ

Every time a group is cast therein, its keeper will ask;"Did no warner come to you!"

They will say;"Yes, indeed a warner did come to us, but we belied him and said;`Allah never sent down anything (of revelation); you are only in great error."' (67;8-9)

And,

وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ كَـفَرُواْ إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ زُمَراً حَتَّى إِذَا جَأءُوهَا فُتِحَتْ أَبْوَبُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَأ أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّنكُمْ يَتْلُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ ءَايَـتِ رَبِّكُمْ وَيُنذِرُونَكُمْ لِقَـأءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَـذَا قَالُواْ بَلَى وَلَـكِنْ حَقَّتْ كَلِمَةُ الْعَذَابِ عَلَى الْكَـفِرِينَ


And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened. And its keepers will say, "Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves - reciting to you the verses of your Lord, and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours!"

They will say;"Yes," but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers! (39;71)

And,

وَهُمْ يَصْطَرِخُونَ فِيهَا رَبَّنَأ أَخْرِجْنَا نَعْمَلْ صَـلِحاً غَيْرَ الَّذِى كُـنَّا نَعْمَلُ أَوَلَمْ نُعَمِّرْكُمْ مَّا يَتَذَكَّرُ فِيهِ مَن تَذَكَّرَ وَجَأءَكُمُ النَّذِيرُ فَذُوقُواْ فَمَا لِلظَّـلِمِينَ مِن نَّصِيرٍ

Therein they will cry;"Our Lord! Bring us out, we shall do righteous good deeds, not (the evil deeds) that we used to do."

(Allah will reply;) "Did We not give you lives long enough, so that whosoever would receive admonition could receive it! And the warner came to you. So taste you (the evil of your deeds). For the wrongdoers there is no helper." (35;37)

There are other Ayat which indicate that Allah will not make anyone enter Hell except after sending a Messenger to them.
The Issue of Small Children who die

Here there arises an issue over which the scholars in earlier and modern times have disagreed, may Allah have mercy on them.

This is the issue of children who die when they are little, and their parents are disbelievers;

what happens to them!

By the same token, what happens to the insane, the deaf, the senile and those who die during the circumstances of Fatrah, when no Message reached them.

Several Hadiths have been narrated on this topic, which I will quote here by the help and support of Allah. The First Hadith from Al-Aswad bin Sari'.

Imam Ahmad reported from Al-Aswad bin Sari' that the Messenger of Allah said,

أَرْبَعَةٌ يَحْتَجُّونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

رَجُلٌ أَصَمُّ لَا يَسْمَعُ شَيْيًا

وَرَجُلٌ أَحْمَقُ

وَرَجُلٌ هَرِمٌ

وَرَجُلٌ مَاتَ فِي فَتْرَةٍ

فَأَمَّا الاْأَصَمُّ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّ قَدْ جَاءَ الاْأِسْلَأمُ وَمَا أَسْمَعُ شَيْيًا

وَأَمَّا الاْأَحْمَقُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّ قَدْ جَاءَ الاْأِسْلَأمُ وَالصِّبْيَانُ يَحْذِفُونِي بِالْبَعْرِ

وَأَمَّا الْهَرِمُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّ لَقَدْ جَاءَ الاْأِسْلَأمُ وَمَا أَعْقِلُ شَيْيًا

وَأَمَّا الَّذِي مَاتَ فِي الْفَتْرَةِ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّ مَا أَتَانِي لَكَ رَسُولٌ

فَيَأْخُذُ مَوَاثِيقَهُمْ لِيُطِيعَنَّهُ فَيُرْسِلُ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنِ ادْخُلُوا النَّارَ

فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَوْ دَخَلُوهَا لَكَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ بَرْدًا وَسَلَمًا

There are four who will present their case on the Day of Resurrection;

a deaf man who never heard anything,

an insane man,

a very old and senile man, and

a man who died during the Fatrah.

As for the deaf man, he will say,

"O Lord, Islam came but I never heard anything."

As for the insane man, he will say,

"O Lord, Islam came and the young boys were throwing camel dung at me."

As for the senile man, he will say,

"O Lord, Islam came and I did not understand anything."

As for the one who died during the Fatrah, he will say,

"O Lord, no Messenger from You came to me."

Allah will accept their pledge of obedience to Him, then He will send word to them that they should enter the Fire.

By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, if they enter it, it will be cool and safe for them.

There is a similar report with a chain from Qatadah from Al-Hasan from Abu Rafi` from Abu Hurayrah, but at the end it says;

فَمَنْ دَخَلَهَا كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ بَرْدًا وَسَلَمًا وَمَنْ لَمْ يَدْخُلْهَا يُسْحَبُ إِلَيْهَا

Whoever enters it will find it cool and safe, and whoever does not enter it will be dragged into it.

This was also recorded by Ishaq bin Rahwayh from Mu`adh bin Hisham, and by Al-Bayhaqi in Al-I`tiqad.

He said;"This is a Sahih chain."

It was reported by Ibn Jarir from the Hadith of Ma`mar from Hammam from Abu Hurayrah, who attributed it to the Prophet.

Then Abu Hurayrah said;"Recite, if you wish;

وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّى نَبْعَثَ رَسُولاً


And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning)."

This was also narrated by Ma`mar from Abdullah bin Tawus from his father, from Abu Hurayrah, but it is Mauquf (it was not attributed directly to the Prophet).
The Second Hadith from Abu Hurayrah

He said that the Messenger of Allah said;

كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ يُمَجِّسَانِهِ كَمَا تُنْتِجُ الْبَهِيمَةُ بَهِيمَةً جَمْعَاءَ هَلْ تُحِسُّونَ فِيهَا مِنْ جَدْعَاءَ


Every newborn is born in a state of Fitrah (the natural state of man), then his parents make him into a Jew or Christian or Zoroastrian, as animals produce whole animals - do you see any that is born mutilated (with something missing)?

According to one report they said;"O Messenger of Allah, what about those who die when they are little?"

He said,

اللهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا كَانُوا عَامِلِين

Allah knows best what they would have done.

Imam Ahmad reported from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (as far as I know - the narrator was not sure if it was attributed to Musa) - said;

ذَرَارِيُّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ يَكْفُلُهُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَم

The children of the Muslims are in Paradise, being taken care of by Ibrahim.

In Sahih Muslim it is reported from Iyyad bin Hammad that the Messenger of Allah said that Allah said;

إِنِّي خَلَقْتُ عِبَادِي حُنَفَاء

I have created My servants as Hunafa.

According to another version, the wording is "as Muslims."
The Third Hadith from Samurah

In his book Al-Mustakhraj `Ala Al-Bukhari, Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Barqani recorded the Hadith of `Awf Al-A`rabi, from Abu Raja' Al-`Utardi from Samurah that the Prophet said;

كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَة

Every newborn is born in a state of Fitrah.

The people called out to him;"O Messenger of Allah! What about the children of the idolators?"

He said,

وَأَوْلَاأدُ الْمُشْرِكِين


And the children of the idolators too.

At-Tabarani reported that Samurah said;

"We asked the Messenger of Allah about the children of the idolators, and he said,

هُمْ خَدَمُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة

They are the servants of the people of Paradise.
The Fourth Hadith from the Paternal Uncle of Hasna

Ahmad reported that Hasna' bint Mu`awiyah, from Bani Suraym, said that his paternal uncle said to him;

"I said, `O Messenger of Allah, who is in Paradise' He said,

النَّبِيُّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ

وَالشَّهِيدُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ

وَالْمَوْلُودُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ

وَالْوَيِيدُ فِي الْجَنَّة

Prophets are in Paradise,

martyrs are in Paradise,

infants are in Paradise and

baby girls who were buried alive are in Paradise.
It is Makruh to discuss this Matter

In order to discuss this issue we need good, sound proof, but people who have no knowledge of Shariah may try to speak about it. For this reason some of the scholars did not like to discuss it.

This view has been narrated from Ibn Abbas, Al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr As-Siddiq, Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiyyah and others.

Ibn Hibban recorded in his Sahih that Jarir bin Hazim said;

I heard Abu Raja' Al-`Utardi saying that he heard Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) saying, "While he was on the Minbar, the Messenger of Allah said;

لَاا يَزَالُ أَمْرُ هَذِهِ الاْاُمَّةِ مُوَاتِيًا أَوْ مُقَارِبَا مَا لَمْ يَتَكَلَّمُوا فِي الْوِلْدَانِ وَالْقَدَر

This Ummah will be fine so long as they do not talk about children and the divine decree."

Ibn Hibban said;

"This means talking about the children of the idolators."

Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar also recorded it via Jarir bin Hazim, then he said,

"A group narrated it from Abu Raja' from Ibn Abbas, but it is Mauquf."