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ARBNDEENIDTRUR
وَإِذْ
And when
قَالَ
said
إِبْرَٰهِۦمُ
Ibrahim,
رَبِّ
"My Lord
أَرِنِى
show me
كَيْفَ
how
تُحْىِ
You give life
ٱلْمَوْتَىٰۖ
(to) the dead."
قَالَ
said,
أَوَلَمْ
"Have not
تُؤْمِنۖ
you believed?"
قَالَ
said,
بَلَىٰ
"Yes
وَلَٰكِن
[and] but
لِّيَطْمَئِنَّ
to satisfy
قَلْبِىۖ
my heart."
قَالَ
said
فَخُذْ
"Then take
أَرْبَعَةً
four
مِّنَ
of
ٱلطَّيْرِ
the birds
فَصُرْهُنَّ
and incline them
إِلَيْكَ
towards you,
ثُمَّ
then
ٱجْعَلْ
put
عَلَىٰ
on
كُلِّ
each
جَبَلٍ
hill
مِّنْهُنَّ
of them
جُزْءًا
a portion;
ثُمَّ
then
ٱدْعُهُنَّ
call them,
يَأْتِينَكَ
they will come to you
سَعْيًاۚ
(in) haste.
وَٱعْلَمْ
And know
أَنَّ
that
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
عَزِيزٌ
(is) All-Mighty,
حَكِيمٌ
All-Wise.

Wa iz qaala Ibraaheemu Rabbi arinee kaifa tuhyil mawtaa qaala awa lam tu'min qaala balaa wa laakil liyatma'inna qalbee qaala fakhuz arab'atam minal tairi fasurhunna ilaika summaj 'al a'alaa kulli jabalim minhunna juz'an sumaad 'uhunna yaateenaka sa'yaa; wa'lam annal laaha 'Azeezun Hakeem

Sahih International:

And [mention] when Abraham said, "My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead." [Allah] said, "Have you not believed?" He said, "Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied." [Allah] said, "Take four birds and commit them to yourself. Then [after slaughtering them] put on each hill a portion of them; then call them - they will come [flying] to you in haste. And know that Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise."

Ahmed Ali

Remember, when Abraham said: "O Lord, show me how you raise the dead," He said: "What! Do you not believe?" "I do," answered Abraham. "I only ask for my heart's assurance." (The Lord) said: "Trap four birds and tame them, then put each of them on a (separate) hill, and call them, and they will come flying to you. Know that God is all-powerful and all-wise."

Ahmed Raza Khan

And when Ibrahim said, “My Lord! Show me how You will give life to the dead”; He said, “Are you not certain (of it)?” Ibrahim said, “Surely yes, why not? But because I wish to put my heart at ease”; He said, “Therefore take four birds (as pets) and cause them to become familiar to you, then place a part of each of them on separate hills, then call them – they will come running towards you; and know well that Allah is Almighty, Wise.” (Prophet Ibrahim called the dead birds and they did come running towards him.)

Ali Ünal

And recall when Abraham said: "My Lord, show me how You will restore life to the dead!" God said: "Why? Do you not believe?" Abraham said: "Yes, but that my heart may be at rest." He (his Lord) said: "Then take four of the birds (of different kinds), and tame them to yourself to know them fully. Then (cut them into pieces and mix the pieces with each other, and) put on every one of the hills a piece from each, and then summon them, and they will come to you flying. Know that surely God is All-Glorious with irresistible might, All-Wise.

Amatul Rahman Omar

And (recall the time) when Abraham said, `My Lord! show me how You give life to the dead.´ (The Lord) said, `Do you not believe (that I can)?´ He said, `Yes I do, but (I ask this) that my mind may be at peace.´ (The Lord) said, `Take four birds and make them attached to you, then put them each on a separate hill, then call them, they will come to you swiftly. And know that Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.´

A. J. Arberry

And when Abraham said, 'My Lord, show me how Thou wilt give life to the dead,' He said, 'Why, dost thou not believe?' 'Yes,' he said, 'but that my heart may be at rest.' Said He, 'Take four birds, and twist them to thee, then set a part of them on every hill, then summon them, and they will come to thee running. And do thou know that God is All-mighty, All-wise.'

Abdul Majid Daryabadi

And recall what time Ibrahim Said: my Lord! shew me how Thou wiltquicken the dead. He said: belie Vest thou not! He said: O Yea but that my heart may rest at ease. He said: take then thou four of the birds, and incline them towards thee, and then put a part thereof on each hill, and thereafter call them; they will come unto thee speeding. And know thou that verily Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Faridul Haque

And when Ibrahim said, "My Lord! Show me how You will give life to the dead"; He said, "Are you not certain (of it)?" Ibrahim said, "Surely yes, why not? But because I wish to put my heart at ease"; He said, "Therefore take four birds (as pets) and cause them to become familiar to you, then place a part of each of them on separate hills, then call them - they will come running towards you; and know well that Allah is Almighty, Wise." (Prophet Ibrahim called the dead birds and they did come running towards him.)

Hamid S. Aziz

And when Abraham said, "Lord, show me how you will revive the dead," He said, "What, do you not yet believe?" Said he, "Yea, but that my heart may be quieted." He said, "Then take four birds, and take them close to yourself (tame them or make them love you); then put some of them on every hill; then call them, and they will come to you in haste; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise."

Hilali & Khan

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said, "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead." He (Allah) said: "Do you not believe?" He [Ibrahim (Abraham)] said: "Yes (I believe), but to be stronger in Faith." He said: "Take four birds, then cause them to incline towards you (then slaughter them, cut them into pieces), and then put a portion of them on every hill, and call them, they will come to you in haste. And know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise."

Talal Itani

And when Abraham said, “My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead.” He said, “Have you not believed?” He said, “Yes, but to put my heart at ease.” He said, “Take four birds, and incline them to yourself, then place a part on each hill, then call to them; and they will come rushing to you. And know that God is Powerful and Wise.”

English Literal

And when Abraham said: "My Lord, show me how you revive/make alive the deads." He said: "Did you not believe?" he said: "Yes/certainly, and but (for) my heart/mind to (be) assured/secure (E)." He (Abraham) said: "So take four from the birds, so take them (F) close to you, then put on every mountain from them (F) a part/portion, then call them (F), they come (F) (to) you fast , and know that God isglorious/mighty/powerful/dignified, wise/judicious." (NOTICE USE OF FEMININE IN THE PRECEDING VERSE)

Abul Ala Maududi

Call to mind the other event also, when Abraham said, "My Lord, show me how Thou bringest the dead back to life?" He said "Have you no faith in this?" Abraham humbly replied, "I do believe but I ask this to reassure my heart." Allah said, "Well, take four birds and tame them with yourself and then (cut them into pieces) and place a piece of each of them on each hill. Then call them and they will come running to you; know this for certain that Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise."

Maulana Mohammad Ali

And when Abraham said, My Lord, show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four birds, then tame them to incline to thee, then place on every mountain a part of them, then class them, they will come to thee flying; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

And (remember) when Ibrahim said, "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead." He (Allah) said: "Do you not believe" He (Ibrahim) said: "Yes (I believe), but to be stronger in faith." He said: "Take four birds, then cause them to incline towards you (then slaughter them, cut them into pieces), and then put a portion of them on every hill, and call them, they will come to you in haste. And know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise."

Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste, and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Ali Quli Qarai

And when Abraham said, ‘My Lord! Show me how You revive the dead,’ He said, ‘Do you not believe?’ He said, ‘Yes indeed, but in order that my heart may be at rest.’ He said, ‘Catch four of the birds. Then cut them into pieces, and place a part of them on every mountain, then call them; they will come to you hastening. And know that Allah is all-mighty and all-wise.’

Qaribullah & Darwish

And (remember) when Abraham said: 'Show me, Lord, how You raise the dead' He replied: 'Have you not believed' 'Rather' said Abraham, 'in order that my heart be satisfied' 'Take four birds' said He, 'draw them to you, then set a part of them on every hill, then call them, they will come swiftly to you. Know that Allah is Mighty and Wise'

Muhammad Sarwar

When Abraham prayed, "Lord, show me how you bring the dead back to life," the Lord said, "Do you not yet believe?" Abraham replied, "I believe but want more confidence for my heart." God told him, "Take four birds, induce them to come to you, cut and scatter their bodies leaving parts on every mountain top, then call them and they will swiftly come to you." Know that God is Majestic and Wise.

Mohammad Habib Shakir

And when Ibrahim said: My Lord! show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: What! and do you not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four of the birds, then train them to follow you, then place on every mountain a part of them, then call them, they will come to you flying; and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Wahiduddin Khan

When Abraham said, "Show me, my Lord, how You revive the dead!" God said, "Do you not believe?" Abraham answered, "Yes, indeed I do believe, but just to reassure my heart." Then God said, "Take four birds, and train them to come back to you. Then place them separately on each hilltop, and call them: they will come flying to you. Know that God is almighty and wise."

Abdullah Yusuf Ali

When Abraham said; "Show me, Lord, how You will raise the dead, " He replied; "Have you no faith?" He said "Yes, but just to reassure my heart." Allah said, "Take four birds, draw them to you, and cut their bodies to pieces. Scatter them over the mountain-tops, then call them back. They will come swiftly to you. Know that Allah is Mighty, Wise."

Tafsir jalalayn

And, mention, when Abraham said, `My Lord show me how You give life to the dead,' He, God, exalted be He, said, to him, `Why, do you not believe?', in My power to revive; God asks him this even though He knows of his belief in this [power], as a response to his request, and so that the ones listening will know the purpose [of the request]; `Yes,', I do believe, he said, `but, I ask You, so that my heart may be re-assured', [so that it may be] at peace, through direct vision, in addition to that [certainty] which is sought through logical reasoning. Said He, `Take four birds, and twist them to you (sirhunna, or surhunna), turn them towards you, cut them up and mix together their flesh and feathers, then set a part of them on every hill, in the land around you, then summon them, to you, and they will come to you in haste. And know that God is Mighty, that nothing is beyond Him, Wise', in His actions. Abraham took a peacock, an eagle, a raven and a cock and did with them as has been mentioned, but kept their heads with him. He called them, and all the parts began to fly back together, combining until they were whole and returning to their heads.

Tafseer Ibn Kathir

The Khalil Supplicates to Allah to Show Him How He Resurrects the Dead

Allah tells;

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِـي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُوْمِن قَالَ بَلَى وَلَـكِن لِّيَطْمَيِنَّ قَلْبِي

"My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead."

He (Allah) said;"Do you not believe!"

He (Ibrahim) said;"Yes (I believe), but to be stronger in faith."

The scholars said that;

there are reasons behind this request by Ibrahim. For instance, when Ibrahim said to Nimrod,
رَبِّيَ الَّذِي يُحْيِـي وَيُمِيتُ
(My Lord (Allah) is He Who gives life and causes death,) he wanted to solidify his knowledge about resurrection by actually witnessing it with his eyes.

Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

نَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِالشَّكِّ مِنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِذْ قَالَ

رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِـي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُوْمِن قَالَ بَلَى وَلَـكِن لِّيَطْمَيِنَّ قَلْبِي


We are more liable to be in doubt than Ibrahim when he said, "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead." Allah said, "Don't you believe!" Ibrahim said, "Yes (I believe), but (I ask) in order to be stronger in faith."

The Prophet's statement in the Hadith means, "We are more liable to seek certainty."
The Answer to Al-Khalil's Request

Allah said,

قَالَ فَخُذْ أَرْبَعَةً مِّنَ الطَّيْرِ فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ

He said;"Take four birds, then cause them to incline towards you."

Scholars of Tafsir disagreed over the type of birds mentioned here, although this matter in not relevant due to the fact that the Qur'an did not mention it.

Allah's statement,

فَصُرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ

cause them to incline towards you,

means, cut them to pieces.

This is the explanation of Ibn Abbas, Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Malik, Abu Al-Aswad Ad-Dili, Wahb bin Munabbih, Al-Hasan and As-Suddi.

ثُمَّ اجْعَلْ عَلَى كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِّنْهُنَّ جُزْءًا ثُمَّ ادْعُهُنَّ يَأْتِينَكَ سَعْيًا

and then put a portion of them on every hill, and call them, they will come to you in haste.

Therefore, Ibrahim caught four birds, slaughtered them, removed the feathers, tore the birds to pieces and mixed the pieces together. He then placed parts of these mixed pieces on four or seven hills.

Ibn Abbas said,

"Ibrahim kept the heads of these birds in his hand. Next, Allah commanded Ibrahim to call the birds to him, and he did as Allah commanded him. Ibrahim witnessed the feathers, blood and flesh of these birds fly to each other, and the parts flew each to their bodies, until every bird came back to life and came walking at a fast pace towards Ibrahim, so that the example that Ibrahim was witnessing would become more impressive.

Each bird came to collect its head from Ibrahim's hand, and if he gave the bird another head the bird refused to accept it. When Ibrahim gave each bird its own head, the head was placed on its body by Allah's leave and power. "

This is why Allah said,

وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ



And know that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

and no one can overwhelm or resist Him. Whatever Allah wills, occurs without hindrance, because He is the All-Mighty, Supreme above all things, and He is Wise in His statements, actions, legislation and decrees.

Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Ma`mar said that Ayub said that Ibn Abbas commented on what Ibrahim said,
وَلَـكِن لِّيَطْمَيِنَّ قَلْبِي
(but to be stronger in Faith),

"To me, there is no Ayah in the Qur'an that brings more hope than this Ayah."

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir said that;

Abdullah bin Abbas met Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-`As and said to him, "Which Ayah in the Qur'an carries more hope for you?"

Ibn Amr said,

قُلْ يعِبَادِىَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُواْ عَلَى أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُواْ

Say;"O Ibadi (My servants) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not. (39;53)

Ibn Abbas said, "But I say that it is Allah's statement,

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِـي الْمَوْتَى قَالَ أَوَلَمْ تُوْمِن قَالَ بَلَى

And (remember) when Ibrahim said, "My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead." He (Allah) said;"Do you not believe!" He (Ibrahim) said;"Yes (I believe)...

Allah accepted Ibrahim's affirmation when he merely said, `Yes.'

This Ayah refers to the doubts that attack the heart and the thoughts that Shaytan inspires."

Al-Hakim also recorded this in Al-Mustadrak and said; "Its chain is Sahih but they did not record it.