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a-ashfaqtum
ءَأَشْفَقْتُمْ
Are you afraid
an
أَن
to
tuqaddimū
تُقَدِّمُوا۟
offer
bayna
بَيْنَ
before
yaday
يَدَىْ
before
najwākum
نَجْوَىٰكُمْ
your private consultation
ṣadaqātin
صَدَقَٰتٍۚ
charities?
fa-idh
فَإِذْ
Then when
lam
لَمْ
you do not
tafʿalū
تَفْعَلُوا۟
you do not
watāba
وَتَابَ
and Allah has forgiven
l-lahu
ٱللَّهُ
and Allah has forgiven
ʿalaykum
عَلَيْكُمْ
you,
fa-aqīmū
فَأَقِيمُوا۟
then establish
l-ṣalata
ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ
the prayer
waātū
وَءَاتُوا۟
and give
l-zakata
ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ
the zakah,
wa-aṭīʿū
وَأَطِيعُوا۟
and obey
l-laha
ٱللَّهَ
Allah
warasūlahu
وَرَسُولَهُۥۚ
and His Messenger.
wal-lahu
وَٱللَّهُ
And Allah
khabīrun
خَبِيرٌۢ
(is) All-Aware
bimā
بِمَا
of what
taʿmalūna
تَعْمَلُونَ
you do.

'A-ashfaqtum an tuqaddimoo baina yadai najwaakum sadaqaat; fa-iz lam taf'aloo wa taabal laahu 'alaikum fa aqeemus Salaata wa aatuz Zakaata wa atee'ul laaha wa rasoolah; wallaahu khabeerum bimaa ta'maloon

Sahih International:

Have you feared to present before your consultation charities? Then when you do not and Allah has forgiven you, then [at least] establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.

1 A. J. Arberry

Are you afraid, before your conspiring, to advance freewill offerings? If you do not so, and God turns again unto you, then perform the prayer, and pay the alms, and obey God and His Messenger. God is aware of the things you do.

2 Abdul Haleem

Were you afraid to give charity before consulting the Prophet? Since you did not give charity, and God has relented towards you, you should [at least] observe your prayers, pay the prescribed alms, and obey God and His Messenger: God is well aware of your actions.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Shrink ye at your offering the alms before your whispering! Then, when ye could do it not, and Allah relented toward you, establish prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His apostle. And Allah is Aware of that which ye work.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

Is it that ye are afraid of spending sums in charity before your private consultation (with him)? If, then, ye do not so, and Allah forgives you, then (at least) establish regular prayer; practise regular charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

Are you afraid that you will have to offer charity when you hold private conversation with the Prophet? But if you are unable to do so and Allah pardons you, then establish Prayer and pay Zakah, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah is well aware of all that you do.

6 Ahmed Ali

Are you afraid of giving alms before confering? Then, if you cannot do this, and God forgives you, be constant in your devotional obligations and pay the due share of your wealth for the welfare of others, and obey God and His Prophet. God is aware of all you do.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

Were you afraid to offer charity before you consult? So when you did not do this, and Allah has inclined towards you with His mercy, keep the prayers established and pay the obligatory charity and obey Allah and His Noble Messenger; and Allah is Aware of your deeds.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

Were you dismayed by having to offer charities before your private talks? Since you did not do it, and Allah has excused you [for not be able to comply], now maintain the prayer and pay the zakat, and obey Allah and His Apostle. Allah is well aware of what you do.

9 Ali Ünal

Is it that you are afraid of offering something in alms before your consultation (with him)? (If so) and you have not done it, and God has turned to you in forgiveness, then establish the Prayer in conformity with its conditions, and pay the Prescribed Purifying Alms, and obey God and His Messenger. God is fully aware of all that you do.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

Do you fear that you will not (be able to) give charity before your consultation? So when you do it not and Allâh has turned to you (mercifully), observe Prayer and present the Zakât and obey Allâh and His Messenger, and Allâh is Well-Aware of what you do.

11 English Literal

Have you (been) cautious/guarding against that (E) you advance/present between your confidential talk`s/secret conversation`s hand, charities, so if you do not make/do , and God forgave on you, so keep up the prayers, and give/bring the charity/ purification , and obey God and His messenger, and God (is) expert/experienced with what you make/do .

12 Faridul Haque

Were you afraid to offer charity before you consult? So when you did not do this, and Allah has inclined towards you with His mercy, keep the prayers established and pay the obligatory charity and obey Allah and His Noble Messenger; and Allah is Aware of your deeds.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

Do you fear that you will not be able to give in charity before your consultation? Then, if you do it not and Allah has forgiven you (or been merciful to you), then (at least) keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His Apostle; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

14 Hilali & Khan

Are you afraid of spending in charity before your private consultation (with him)? If then you do it not, and Allah has forgiven you, then (at least) perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat and obey Allah (i.e. do all what Allah and His Prophet SAW order you to do). And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

O you who believe, when you consult the Messenger, offer something in charity before your consultation. That is better for you and purer. But if you have not (the means), then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Do you fear that you will not (be able to) give in charity before your consultation? So when you do not do it and Allah has turned to you (mercifully), then keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey Allah and His Apostle; and Allah is Aware of what you do.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

Fear ye to offer alms before your conference? Then, when ye do it not and Allah hath forgiven you, establish worship and pay the poor-due and obey Allah and His messenger. And Allah is Aware of what ye do.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

Were you afraid that giving in charity before your consultation would make you poor? Since you did not offer such charity, God forgave you for this. At least be steadfast in prayer, pay the religious tax, and obey God and His Messenger. God is Well Aware of what you do.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

Are you afraid to offer a freewill offering before your consultation? But if you do not, Allah will turn to you again, then establish the prayer and pay theobligatory charity, and be obedient to Allah and His Messenger. Allah is Aware of what you do.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Are you afraid of spending in charity before your private consultation (with him) If then you do it not, and Allah has forgiven you, then perform Salah and give Zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

Do you fear that you will not [be able to] give in charity before your consultation? Then if you are unable to do so, [know that] God has turned to you in His mercy; then observe your prayers and pay the prescribed alms and obey God and His Messenger. God is aware of all that you do.

22 Talal Itani

Are you reluctant to offer charity before your conversation? If you do not do so, and God pardons you, then perform the prayer, and give alms, and obey God and His Messenger. God is Aware of what you do.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

Do you fear (read a-ashfaqtum, either pronouncing both hamzas fully, or by replacing the second one with an alif, or not pronouncing it, but inserting an alif between the one not unpronounced and the other one, or without [this insertion]), poverty [when you fear], to offer [voluntary] alms before your secret talks. So, as you did not do this, giving of voluntary alms, and God relented to you, waiving this [requirement] for you, maintain prayer and pay the alms and obey God and His Messenger, that is to say, observe these [duties] regularly. For God is Aware of what you do.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

أَأَشْفَقْتُمْ أَن تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَاتٍ

Are you afraid of spending in charity before your private consultation?

meaning, are you afraid that the order to give charity before speaking privately to the Prophet remains in effect forever.

فَإِذْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا وَتَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَإةَ وَاتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ



If then you do it not, and Allah has forgiven you, then perform Salah and give Zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.

Therefore, Allah abrogated the obligation of giving this charity.

It was said that none has implemented this command before except its abrogation, Ali bin Abi Talib.

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas;
فَقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَةً
(spend something in charity before your private consultation).

"The Muslims kept asking Allah's Messenger questions until it became difficult on him. Allah wanted to lighten the burden from His Prophet, upon him be peace. So when He said this, many Muslims were afraid to pay this charity and stopped asking. Afterwards, Allah sent down this Ayah,

أَأَشْفَقْتُمْ أَن تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَاتٍ فَإِذْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا وَتَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَأةَ وَاتُوا الزَّكَاة


Are you afraid of spending in charity before your private consultation If then you do it not, and Allah has forgiven you, then perform Salah and give Zakah,

Thus Allah made things easy and lenient for them."

Ikrimah and Al-Hasan Al-Basri commented on Allah's statement;
فَقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَةً
(spend something in charity before your private consultation).

"This was abrogated by the next Ayah;

أَأَشْفَقْتُمْ أَن تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَاتٍ

Are you afraid of spending in charity before your private consultation...."

Sa`id bin Abi `Arubah reported from Qatadah and Muqatil bin Hayyan,

"People kept questioning Allah's Messenger until they made things difficult for him. Allah provided a way to stop their behavior by this Ayah. One of them would need to speak to Allah's Prophet about a real matter, but could not do so until he gave in charity. This became hard on people and Allah sent down relief from this requirement afterwards,

فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ


But if you find not, then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful)."

Ma`mar reported from Qatadah that the Ayah,

إِذَا نَاجَيْتُمُ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَةً

(When you (want to) consult the Messenger in private, spend something in charity before your private consultation). was abrogated after being in effect for only one hour of a day.

Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Mujahid said that Ali said,

"No one except me implemented this Ayah, until it was abrogated,"

and he was reported to have said that it remained in effect for merely an hour