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wamā
وَمَا
And not
kāna
كَانَ
was
is'tigh'fāru
ٱسْتِغْفَارُ
(the) asking of forgiveness
ib'rāhīma
إِبْرَٰهِيمَ
(by) Ibrahim
li-abīhi
لِأَبِيهِ
for his father
illā
إِلَّا
except
ʿan
عَن
because
mawʿidatin
مَّوْعِدَةٍ
(of) a promise
waʿadahā
وَعَدَهَآ
he had promised it
iyyāhu
إِيَّاهُ
(to) him.
falammā
فَلَمَّا
But when
tabayyana
تَبَيَّنَ
it became clear
lahu
لَهُۥٓ
to him
annahu
أَنَّهُۥ
that he
ʿaduwwun
عَدُوٌّ
(was) an enemy
lillahi
لِّلَّهِ
to Allah,
tabarra-a
تَبَرَّأَ
he disassociated
min'hu
مِنْهُۚ
from him
inna
إِنَّ
Indeed,
ib'rāhīma
إِبْرَٰهِيمَ
(by) Ibrahim
la-awwāhun
لَأَوَّٰهٌ
(was) compassionate,
ḥalīmun
حَلِيمٌ
forbearing.

Wa maa kaanas tighfaaru ibraaheema li abeehi illaa 'ammaw 'idatinw wa 'adahaaa iyyaahu falammaa tabaiyana lahooo annahoo 'aduwwul lillaahi tabarra a minh; inna Ibraaheema la awwaahum haleem

Sahih International:

And the request of forgiveness of Abraham for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became apparent to Abraham that his father was an enemy to Allah, he disassociated himself from him. Indeed was Abraham compassionate and patient.

1 A. J. Arberry

Abraham asked not pardon for his father except because of a promise he had made to him; and when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, he declared himself quit of him; Abraham was compassionate, clement.

2 Abdul Haleem

Abraham asked forgiveness for his father because he had made a promise to him, but once he realized that his father was an enemy of God, he washed his hands of him. Abraham was tender-hearted and forbearing.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

And Ibrahim's asking for the forgiveness of his father was only in pursuance of a promise which he had made unto him. Then, when it became manifest unto him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself quit of him. Verily Ibrahim was long-suffering, forbearing.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

And Abraham prayed for his father's forgiveness only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him; for Abraham was most tender-hearted, forbearing.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

And Abraham's prayer for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise which he had made to him. Then, when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Surely Abraham was most tender-hearted, God-fearing, forbearing.

6 Ahmed Ali

As for Abraham's prayer for his father, he was fulfilling a promise he had made to him. Yet when it became evident to him that (his father) was an enemy of God, he broke away from him, though Abraham was soft hearted and kind.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

And the seeking of forgiveness for his father (paternal uncle) by Ibrahim was only because of a promise he had made to him; then when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, Ibrahim broke off ties with him; indeed Ibrahim is surely very soft-hearted, most forbearing.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

Abraham’s pleading forgiveness for his father was only to fulfill a promise he had made him. So when it became manifest to him that he was an enemy of God, he repudiated him. Indeed Abraham was most plaintive and forbearing.

9 Ali Ünal

The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise which he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, he (Abraham) dissociated himself from him. Abraham was most tender-hearted, most clement.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

And Abraham´s praying for protection for his (idolatrous) sire was only because of a promise he had made to him, but when it became clear to him that he (- his sire) was an enemy to Allâh, he (- Abraham) dissociated himself from him. Abraham was, as a matter of fact, soft of heart (and) forbearing.

11 English Literal

Abraham`s asking for forgiveness for his father was not except on a promise he promised it (to only) him, so when (it) was clarified/explained to him, that he (his father is) an enemy to God, he declared innocence from him, that Abraham (is a) clement groaner/moaner (E) .

12 Faridul Haque

And the seeking of forgiveness for his father (paternal uncle) by Ibrahim was only because of a promise he had made to him; then when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, Ibrahim broke off ties with him; indeed Ibrahim is surely very soft-hearted, most forbearing.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

Nor was Abraham´s asking pardon for his father aught else but through a promise he had promised him; but when it was made manifest to him that he was an enemy to Allah, he cleansed himself of him (dissociated himself); verily, Abraham was soft of heart, forbearing.

14 Hilali & Khan

And [Ibrahim's (Abraham)] invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim (Abraham)] had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim (Abraham)] that he (his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily Ibrahim (Abraham) was Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the correct one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility, glorify Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing. (Tafsir Al-Qurtubi).

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

It is not for the Prophet and those who believe to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they should be near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of the flaming fire.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

And Ibrahim asking forgiveness for his sire was only owing to a promise which he had made to him; but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself to be clear of him; most surely Ibrahim was very tender-hearted forbearing.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had promised him, but when it had become clear unto him that he (his father) was an enemy to Allah he (Abraham) disowned him. Lo! Abraham was soft of heart, long-suffering.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

There was no other reason for Abraham to seek forgiveness from God for his father except the promise that he had made with him. When Abraham knew that his father was an enemy of God, he disowned his father. Abraham was very tender-hearted and forbearing.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

Abraham only asked for forgiveness for his father because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of Allah, he declared himself quit of him. Surely, Abraham was earnest in his supplication and tenderhearted.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

And Ibrahim's invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim] had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim] that he (his father) is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah and forbearing.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

Abraham's asking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him, but when it became clear to him, that he was God's enemy, he disassociated himself from him. Surely, Abraham was most tender-hearted and forbearing.

22 Talal Itani

Abraham asked forgiveness for his father only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, he disowned him. Abraham was kind and clement.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

Abraham's prayer for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had made to him, when he said to him, I will ask my Lord forgiveness for you [Q. 19;47], in the hope that he would submit [to God]; but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, upon his death as an disbeliever, he declared himself innocent of him, and refrained from asking forgiveness for him; truly Abraham was soft of heart, making frequent entreaty and supplication [to God], forbearing, enduring harm patiently.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لاَِبِيهِ إِلاَّ عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ

And Ibrahim's invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he (Ibrahim) had made to him (his father)."

Ali bin Abi Talhah narrated that Ibn Abbas commented on this Ayah,

"They used to invoke Allah for them (pagans) until this Ayah was revealed. They then refrained from invoking Allah to forgive the dead among them, but were not stopped from invoking Allah for the living among them until they die. Allah sent this Ayah,
وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لاَِبِيهِ
(And Ibrahim's invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only...)."

Allah said next,

فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِلّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ

But when it became clear to him (Ibrahim) that he (his father) is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him.

Ibn Abbas commented,

"Ibrahim kept asking Allah to forgive his father until he died, when he realized that he died as an enemy to Allah, he disassociated himself from him."

In another narration, he said,

"When his father died he realized that he died as an enemy of Allah."

Similar was said by Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah and several others.

Ubayd bin `Umayr and Sa`id bin Jubayr said,

"Ibrahim will disown his father on the Day of Resurrection, but he will meet his father and see dust and fatigue on his face. He will say, `O Ibrahim! I disobeyed you, but today, I will not disobey you.'

Ibrahim will say, `O Lord! You promised me that You will not disgrace me on the Day they are resurrected. What more disgrace than witnessing my father being disgraced!'

He will be told, `Look behind you,' where he will see a bloody hyena -- for his father will have been transformed into that -- and it will be dragged from its feet and thrown in the Fire."'

Allah's statement,

إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لاوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ



Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah and was forbearing.

According to Abdullah bin Mas`ud,

means, he invoked Allah always,

Several narrations report this from Ibn Mas`ud.

It was also said that, `Awwah', means,

`who invokes Allah with humility', `merciful', `who believes with certainty', `who praises (Allah)', and so forth