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yaʿlamu
يَعْلَمُ
He knows
مَا
what
bayna
بَيْنَ
(is) before them
aydīhim
أَيْدِيهِمْ
(is) before them
wamā
وَمَا
and what
khalfahum
خَلْفَهُمْ
(is) behind them,
walā
وَلَا
while not
yuḥīṭūna
يُحِيطُونَ
they encompass
bihi
بِهِۦ
it
ʿil'man
عِلْمًا
(in) knowledge.

Ya'lamu maa bainaa aideehim wa maa khalfahum wa laa yauheetoona bihee 'ilmaa

Sahih International:

Allah knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, but they do not encompass it in knowledge.

1 A. J. Arberry

He knows what is before them and behind them, and they comprehend Him not in knowledge.

2 Abdul Haleem

He knows what is before and behind them, though they do not comprehend Him-

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

He knoweth that which is before them and that which is behind them, and they, encompass it not with their knowledge.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind them; but they shall not compass it with their knowledge.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

He knows all that is ahead of them and all that is behind them, while the others do not know.

6 Ahmed Ali

He knows what is before them and hidden from them, but they cannot grasp it with their knowledge.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

He knows all that is before them and all that is behind them, whereas their knowledge cannot encompass it.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

He knows what is before them and behind them, though they do not comprehend Him in their knowledge.

9 Ali Ünal

He knows what lies before His servants (especially on Judgment Day) and whatever (of intentions, or speech, or actions) they have left behind, whereas they cannot comprehend Him with their knowledge.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

(God the Almighty) knows all that is before (-the people - their future) and all that is behind them (-their past); they cannot encompass Him with (their) knowledge.

11 English Literal

He knows what (is) between their hands and what (is) behind them, and they do not comprehend/envelope with (about) Him knowledge.

12 Faridul Haque

He knows all that is before them and all that is behind them, whereas their knowledge cannot encompass it.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

On that day shall no intercession be of any avail, save from such as the Beneficent permits, and who is acceptable to Him.

14 Hilali & Khan

He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter), and they will never compass anything of His Knowledge.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

On that day no intercession avails except of him whom the Beneficent allows, and whose word He is pleased with.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

He knows what is before them and what is behind them, while they do not comprehend it in knowledge.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

He knoweth (all) that is before them and (all) that is behind them, while they cannot compass it in knowledge.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

God knows all that is in front of them and behind them and they can not encompass His knowledge.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

He knows what is before them and behind them, and they do not comprehend Him in knowledge.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

He knows what happens to them, and what will happen to them, but they will never encompass anything of His knowledge.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

He knows what is before them and what is behind them, but they cannot encompass Him with their knowledge,

22 Talal Itani

He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend Him in their knowledge.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

He knows what is before them, of the affairs of the Hereafter, and behind them, of the affairs of this world, and they do not comprehend such [things] in knowledge; they have no knowledge of such [things].

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ

He knows what happens to them and what will happen to them,

He encompasses all creation with His knowledge.

وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِهِ عِلْمًا



but they will never encompass anything of His knowledge.

This is like His statement,

وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَأءَ

And they will never encompass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. (2;255)

Concerning Allah's statement