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falawlā
فَلَوْلَآ
Then why not
idh
إِذْ
when
jāahum
جَآءَهُم
came to them
basunā
بَأْسُنَا
Our punishment,
taḍarraʿū
تَضَرَّعُوا۟
they humbled themselves?
walākin
وَلَٰكِن
But
qasat
قَسَتْ
became hardened
qulūbuhum
قُلُوبُهُمْ
their hearts
wazayyana
وَزَيَّنَ
and made fair-seeming
lahumu
لَهُمُ
to them
l-shayṭānu
ٱلشَّيْطَٰنُ
the Shaitaan
مَا
what
kānū
كَانُوا۟
they used to
yaʿmalūna
يَعْمَلُونَ
do.

Falaw laaa iz jaaa'ahum baasunaa tadarra'oo wa laakin qasat quloobuhum wa zaiyana lahumush Shaitaanu maa kaanoo ya'maloon

Sahih International:

Then why, when Our punishment came to them, did they not humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and Satan made attractive to them that which they were doing.

1 A. J. Arberry

if only, when Our might came upon them, they had been humble! But their hearts were hard, and Satan decked out fair to them what they were doing.

2 Abdul Haleem

If only they had learned humility when suffering came from Us! But no, their hearts became hard and Satan made their foul deeds alluring to them.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Wherefore then did they not, when the affliction from us came upon them, humble themselves? But their hearts became hardened, and the Satan made fair-seeming unto them that which they were wont to do.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

When the suffering reached them from us, why then did they not learn humility? On the contrary their hearts became hardened, and Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

But when misfortune befell them from Us why did they not humble themselves? Their hearts had hardened and Satan had made their deeds seem fair to them.

6 Ahmed Ali

Then why did they not submit when Our punishment came upon them? But their hearts were hardened, and Satan made things they were doing look attractive to them.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

So why did they not humbly plead when Our punishment came to them? But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all their deeds appear good to them!

8 Ali Quli Qarai

Why did they not entreat when Our punishment overtook them! But their hearts had hardened, and Satan had made what they had been doing seem decorous to them.

9 Ali Ünal

If only, when Our trial came upon them, they had invoked Us with humility! But their hearts grew hard and Satan decked out whatever they were doing as appealing to them.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

Why did they not then, when Our punishment overtook them, grow humble? (It was for the fact that) their hearts had hardened and satan had made their deeds seem fair to them.

11 English Literal

So where it not for when Our might came to them, they became humble and humiliated themselves, and but their hearts/minds became cruel/merciless, and the devil decorated/beautified for them what they were making/doing.

12 Faridul Haque

So why did they not humbly plead when Our punishment came to them? But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all their deeds appear good to them!

13 Hamid S. Aziz

And when they forgot what they were reminded of, We opened for them the gates of all things, until when they rejoiced at what they had, We caught them up suddenly (or unawares, unexpectedly), and Lo! They were plunged into despair.

14 Hilali & Khan

When Our Torment reached them, why then did they not believe with humility? But their hearts became hardened, and Shaitan (Satan) made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

And indeed We sent (messengers) to nations before thee then We seized them with distress and affliction that they might humble themselves.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Yet why did they not, when Our punishment came to them, humble themselves? But their hearts hardened and the Shaitan made what they did fair-seeming to them.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

If only, when Our disaster came on them, they had been humble! But their hearts were hardened and the devil made all that they used to do seem fair unto them!

18 Muhammad Sarwar

Why did they not submit themselves (to God) when Our torment struck them. Instead, their hearts were hardened and Satan made their evil deeds seem attractive to them.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

If only they humbled themselves when Our scourge overtook them! But their hearts were hardened, and satan decorated to them what they were doing.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

When Our torment reached them, why then did they not believe with humility But their hearts became hardened, and Shaytan made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

When the affliction decreed by Us befell them, they did not humble themselves, but rather their hearts hardened, for Satan had made all their doings seem fair to them.

22 Talal Itani

If only, when Our calamity came upon them, they humbled themselves. But their hearts hardened, and Satan made their deeds appear good to them.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

If only, when Our might, Our punishment, came upon them, they had been humble, in other words, they were not so, even though the necessitating factor was there. But their hearts were hard, and would not yield to faith, and Satan adorned for them what they were doing, in the way of disobedient acts, and so they persisted in them.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

فَلَوْلا إِذْ جَاءهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُواْ

When Our torment reached them, why then did they not believe with humility,

Meaning;Why do they not believe and humble themselves before Us when We test them with disaster!'

وَلَـكِن قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ

But their hearts became hardened,

for their hearts are not soft or humble,

وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ مَا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ



and Shaytan made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do.

That is, Shirk, defiance and rebellion