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wa-awrathnā
وَأَوْرَثْنَا
And We made inheritors
l-qawma
ٱلْقَوْمَ
the people
alladhīna
ٱلَّذِينَ
those who
kānū
كَانُوا۟
were
yus'taḍʿafūna
يُسْتَضْعَفُونَ
considered weak -
mashāriqa
مَشَٰرِقَ
(the) eastern (parts)
l-arḍi
ٱلْأَرْضِ
(of) the land
wamaghāribahā
وَمَغَٰرِبَهَا
and the western (parts) of it,
allatī
ٱلَّتِى
which
bāraknā
بَٰرَكْنَا
We blessed
fīhā
فِيهَاۖ
[in it].
watammat
وَتَمَّتْ
And was fulfilled
kalimatu
كَلِمَتُ
(the) word
rabbika
رَبِّكَ
(of) your Lord -
l-ḥus'nā
ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ
the best
ʿalā
عَلَىٰ
for
banī
بَنِىٓ
(the) Children
is'rāīla
إِسْرَٰٓءِيلَ
(of) Israel
bimā
بِمَا
because
ṣabarū
صَبَرُوا۟ۖ
they were patient.
wadammarnā
وَدَمَّرْنَا
And We destroyed
مَا
what
kāna
كَانَ
used to
yaṣnaʿu
يَصْنَعُ
make
fir'ʿawnu
فِرْعَوْنُ
Firaun
waqawmuhu
وَقَوْمُهُۥ
and his people,
wamā
وَمَا
and what
kānū
كَانُوا۟
were
yaʿrishūna
يَعْرِشُونَ
erect.

Wa awrasnal qawmal lazeena kaanoo yustad'afoona mashaariqal ardi wa maghaari bahal latee baaraknaa feehaa wa tammat kalimatu Rabbikal husnaa 'alaa Baneee Israaa'eela bimaa sabaroo wa dammarnaa maa kaana yasna'u Fir'awnu wa qawmuhoo wa maa kaanoo ya'rishoon

Sahih International:

And We caused the people who had been oppressed to inherit the eastern regions of the land and the western ones, which We had blessed. And the good word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of what they had patiently endured. And We destroyed [all] that Pharaoh and his people were producing and what they had been building.

1 A. J. Arberry

And We bequeathed upon the people that were abased all the east and the west of the land We had blessed; and perfectly was fulfilled the most fair word of thy Lord upon the Children of Israel, for that they endured patiently; and We destroyed utterly the works of Pharaoh and his people, and what they had been building.

2 Abdul Haleem

and We made those who had been oppressed succeed to both the east and the west of the land that We had blessed. Your Lord’s good promise to the Children of Israel was fulfilled, because of their patience, and We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people were making and what they were building.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

And We caused the people who had been oppressed to inherit the eastern parts of the land, and the western parts thereof, which We had blest. And fulfilled was the good word of thy Lord unto the Children of Isra'il' for they were long-suffering, and We destroyed that which Fir'awn and his people had builded and that which they had raised.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

And We made a people, considered weak (and of no account), inheritors of lands in both east and west, - lands whereon We sent down Our blessings. The fair promise of thy Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because they had patience and constancy, and We levelled to the ground the great works and fine buildings which Pharaoh and his people erected (with such pride).

5 Abul Ala Maududi

And We made those who had been persecuted inherit the eastern and western lands which We had blessed. Thus your Lord's gracious promise was fulfilled to the Children of Israel, for they had endured with patience; and We destroyed all that Pharaoh and his people had wrought, and all that they had built.

6 Ahmed Ali

We then made the people who were weak (and oppressed) successors of the land to the East and the West which We had blessed. Thus the fair promise of your Lord to the children of Israel was fulfilled, for they were patient in adversity; and whatsoever the Pharaoh and his people had fashioned, and the structures they had raised, were destroyed.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

And We made the people who were oppressed, the inheritors of the eastern and western parts of the land in which We placed blessings; and the good promise of your Lord was fulfilled for the Descendants of Israel – the reward of their patience; and We destroyed whatever Firaun and his people built and whatever they had contrived.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

We made the people who were abased the heirs to the east and west of the land which We had blessed, and your Lord’s best word [of promise] was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their patience, and We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people had built and what they used to erect.

9 Ali Ünal

And We made the people who had been persecuted and oppressed (for centuries) inherit all the easts and wests (the whole length and breadth) of the land that We had blessed (with benefits for humankind). And your Lord’s gracious word to the Children of Israel was fulfilled, for they had endured patiently; and We obliterated what the Pharaoh and his people had produced (by art or industry), and what they had erected (of castles, palaces, gardens, and the like).

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

And We made the people who were deemed weak (and were oppressed) inherit the eastern and western parts of the (promised) land which We had blessed. Thus was fulfilled the most gracious word of your Lord in favour of the Children of Israel, for they had patiently persevered; and We annihilated all that Pharaoh and his people had wrought and what they had erected.

11 English Literal

And We made the nation, those who were being weakened inherit the earth`s/Planet Earth`s sun rises/easts, and its sunsets , that We blessed in it, and your Lord`s word/expression the good (is) completed on Israel`s sons and daughters because (of) what they were patient, and We destroyed what Pharaoh and his nation were making/producing , and what they were building of trellised or wooden buildings/raising/supporting/inhabiting .

12 Faridul Haque

And We made the people who were oppressed, the inheritors of the eastern and western parts of the land in which We placed blessings; and the good promise of your Lord was fulfilled for the Descendants of Israel - the reward of their patience; and We destroyed whatever Firaun and his people built and whatever they had contrived.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

And We gave unto a people, despised and weak, an inheritance, lands in both east and west, lands which We had blessed. And the good promise of your Lord was fulfiled on the children of Israel, because they were patient and constant. And We utterly destroyed all the works which Pharaoh and his people had done and that which they had devised.

14 Hilali & Khan

And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We destroyed completely all the great works and buildings which Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his people erected.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

So We exacted retribution from them and drowned them in the sea, because they rejected Our signs and were heedless of them.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

And We made the people who were deemed weak to inherit the eastern lands and the western ones which We had blessed; and the good word of your Lord was fulfilled in the children of Israel because they bore up (sufferings) patiently; and We utterly destroyed what Firon and his people had wrought and what they built.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

And We caused the folk who were despised to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We had blessed. And the fair word of thy Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their endurance; and We annihilated (all) that Pharaoh and his folk had done and that they had contrived.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

We gave the suppressed people the blessed eastern and western regions as their inheritance. Thus, the promises of your Lord to the children of Israel all came true because of the patience which they exercised. He destroyed all the establishments of the Pharaoh and his people.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

We gave the persecuted nation dominion over the eastern and western lands which We had blessed. So the Word of your Lord, the finest, was fulfilled for the Children of Israel because of their patience; and We destroyed the edifices, and towers of Pharaoh and whatsoever they manufactured.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed. And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance. And We destroyed what Fir`awn and his people produced, and what they erected.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

We made the people who were considered weak inheritors of the eastern parts and western parts of the land which We had blessed. Thus your Lord's good promise to the Children of Israel was fulfilled, because of their patience, and We destroyed all that Pharaoh and his people had built and all that they had raised high.

22 Talal Itani

And We made the oppressed people inherit the eastern and western parts of the land, which We had blessed. Thus the fair promise of your Lord to the Children of Israel was fulfilled, because of their endurance. And We destroyed what Pharaoh and his people had built, and what they had harvested.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

And We bequeathed upon the people who were oppressed, through bondage, namely, the Children of Israel, the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We had blessed, with water and trees (allat brakn fh, `which We had blessed', is an adjectival qualification of al-ard, `the land'), and this was Syria, and the fair word of your Lord was fulfilled, which was His saying, exalted be He; Yet We desired to be gracious to those who were oppressed in the land ... to the end [of the verse, Q. 28;5], for the Children of Israel because they endured patiently, persecution at the hands of their enemy; and We destroyed utterly what Pharaoh and his folk had been creating, by way of architecture, and what they had been erecting (read ya`rishn or ya`rushn), [what they had been] raising of edifices.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

وَأَوْرَثْنَا الْقَوْمَ الَّذِينَ كَانُواْ يُسْتَضْعَفُونَ

So We took retribution from them. We drowned them in the sea, because they belied Our Ayat and were heedless with them. And We made the people who were considered weak to inherit...

Allah states that when the people of Fir`awn rebelled and transgressed, even though He inflicted them with consecutive signs, one after another, He took retribution from them by drowning them in the sea that Musa parted by Allah's power, and he and the Children of Israel passed through. In their pursuit, Fir`awn and his soldiers went in the sea chasing Musa and his people. When they all had gone inside the water, the sea closed in on them and they all drowned, because they belied the Ayat of Allah and were heedless of them. Allah said that He has granted the people who were considered weak, the Children of Israel, to inherit the eastern and western parts of the land.

مَشَارِقَ الَارْضِ وَمَغَارِبَهَا الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا
the eastern parts of the land and the western parts thereof which We have blessed.

Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Qatadah commented that Allah's statement,

refers to the Sham area (Greater Syria).

وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ الْحُسْنَى عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَايِيلَ بِمَا صَبَرُواْ

And the fair Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the Children of Israel, because of their endurance.

Mujahid and Ibn Jarir said that Allah's statement, is explained by Allah's other statement,

وَنُرِيدُ أَن نَّمُنَّ عَلَى الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَنَجْعَلَهُمْ أَيِمَّةً وَنَجْعَلَهُمُ الْوَارِثِينَ

وَنُمَكِّنَ لَهُمْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَنُرِىَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَهَـمَـنَ وَجُنُودَهُمَا مِنْهُمْ مَّا كَانُواْ يَحْذَرونَ

And We wished to do a favor to those who were weak (and oppressed) in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them the inheritors. And to establish them in the land, and We let Fir`awn and Haman and their hosts receive from them that which they feared. (28;5-6)

Further, Allah's statement,

وَدَمَّرْنَا مَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ فِرْعَوْنُ وَقَوْمُهُ

And We destroyed what Fir`awn and his people produced,

meaning, We destroyed what Fir`awn and his people produced, such as agriculture and buildings.

وَمَا كَانُواْ يَعْرِشُونَ



and what they erected.

Ibn Abbas and Mujahid said that
يَعْرِشُونَ
(they erected),

means, they built