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ḥattā
حَتَّىٰٓ
Until,
idhā
إِذَا
when
ra-aw
رَأَوْا۟
they see
مَا
what
yūʿadūna
يُوعَدُونَ
they are promised,
fasayaʿlamūna
فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ
then they will know
man
مَنْ
who
aḍʿafu
أَضْعَفُ
(is) weaker
nāṣiran
نَاصِرًا
(in) helpers
wa-aqallu
وَأَقَلُّ
and fewer
ʿadadan
عَدَدًا
(in) number.

Hattaaa izaa ra aw maa yoo'adoona fasaya'lamoona man ad'afu naasiranw wa aqallu 'adadaa

Sahih International:

[The disbelievers continue] until, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who is weaker in helpers and less in number.

1 A. J. Arberry

Until, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who is weaker in helpers and fewer in numbers.

2 Abdul Haleem

when they are confronted by what they have been warned about, they will realize who has the weaker protector and the smaller number.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

They shall go on denying until they; behold that which they are promised wherefore then they shall know who were weaker in protectors and fewer in number.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

At length, when they see (with their own eyes) that which they are promised,- then will they know who it is that is weakest in (his) helper and least important in point of numbers.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

(They shall not change their ways) until they see that against which they had been warned, and then they will know whose helpers are weaker and whose supporters are fewer in number.

6 Ahmed Ali

Until they see what they are promised, when they will understand who is weaker in aid and poorer in numbers.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

Till the time when they will see what they are promised – so they will now come to know whose aide is weak, and who is lesser in number.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

When they see what they are promised, they will know who is weaker in supporters and fewer in numbers.

9 Ali Ünal

(Let them continue to see you as few in number and weak and therefore belittle you, but) when they see what (the Fire) which they are promised, they will come to know who is really weaker in helpers and fewer in number.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

(They will continue to oppose the Prophet) until they see that (punishment) they are threatened with. And soon they will know who is weaker in respect of helpers and less in numbers.

11 English Literal

Until when they saw/understood what they are being promised, so they will know who (is) a weaker victorior/savior and less numerous.

12 Faridul Haque

Till the time when they will see what they are promised - so they will now come to know whose aide is weak, and who is lesser in number.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

Until when they see what they are promised, then shall they know who it is that is weaker in helpers and fewer in number.

14 Hilali & Khan

Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

That He may know that they have truly delivered the messages of their Lord; and He encompasses what is with them, and He keeps account of all things.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Until when they see what they are threatened with, then shall they know who is weaker in helpers and fewer in number.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

Till (the day) when they shall behold that which they are promised (they may doubt); but then they will know (for certain) who is weaker in allies and less in multitude.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

(On the Day of Judgment) when the disbelievers witness that with which they have been threatened, they will then know whose helpers are weaker and fewer in number.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

When they see that which they were promised they shall know who is weaker in helpers and fewer in numbers.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

When they are confronted by what they have been promised, they will realize who is weaker in helpers and fewer in numbers.

22 Talal Itani

Until, when they see what they were promised, they will know who is weaker in helpers, and fewer in numbers.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

Such that when they see (hatt is for inceptiveness, [but] also entailing a purposive sense to an implied preceding clause, that is to say, they persist in their disbelief until they come to see ...) what they are promised, of chastisement, they will then know, at the moment that it befalls them, [either] on the day of Badr or on the Day of Resurrection, who is weaker in supporters and fewer in numbers, in assistants; is it them or the believers -- according to the former [reading]? Or, is it Me or them, according to the latter. Some of them said, `When will this promise be [fulfilled]?', whereupon the following was revealed;

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

Till, when they see that which they are promised, then they will know who it is that is weaker concerning helpers and less important concerning numbers.

meaning, until these idolators from the Jinns and humans see what has been promised to them on the Day of Judgement. Then on that day, they will know who's helpers are weaker and fewer in number -- them or the believers who worship Allah alone.

This means that the idolators have no helper at all and they are fewer in number than the soldiers of Allah