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qul
قُلْ
Say,
man
مَن
"Who
rabbu
رَّبُّ
(is the) Lord
l-samāwāti
ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ
(of) the seven heavens
l-sabʿi
ٱلسَّبْعِ
(of) the seven heavens
warabbu
وَرَبُّ
and (the) Lord
l-ʿarshi
ٱلْعَرْشِ
(of) the Throne
l-ʿaẓīmi
ٱلْعَظِيمِ
the Great?"

Qul mar Rabbus samaawaatis sab'i wa Rabbul 'Arshil 'Azeem

Sahih International:

Say, "Who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Great Throne?"

1 A. J. Arberry

Say: 'Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the mighty Throne?'

2 Abdul Haleem

Say, ‘Who is the Lord of the seven heavens? Who is the Lord of the Mighty Throne?’

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

Say thou: who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the mighty throne?

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

Say; "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Throne (of Glory) Supreme?"

5 Abul Ala Maududi

Ask them: "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, the Lord of the Great Throne?"

6 Ahmed Ali

Say: "Then who is the Lord of the seven skies? And who is the Lord of the mighty Throne?"

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

Say, “Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Tremendous Throne?”

8 Ali Quli Qarai

Say, ‘Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Great Throne?’

9 Ali Ünal

Say: "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Supreme Throne (He Who rules the whole universe and sustains all that live in it)?"

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

Say, `Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Great Throne (of power)?´

11 English Literal

Say: "Who (is) the seven skies` Lord, and the great throne`s Lord?"

12 Faridul Haque

Say, "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Tremendous Throne?"

13 Hamid S. Aziz

They will say, "Allah´s." Say, "Will you then not remember?"

14 Hilali & Khan

Say: "Who is (the) Lord of the seven heavens, and (the) Lord of the Great Throne?"

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

They will say: Allah’s. Say: Will you not then mind?

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

Say: Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the mighty dominion?

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

Say: Who is Lord of the seven heavens, and Lord of the Tremendous Throne?

18 Muhammad Sarwar

Ask them, "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Great Throne?"

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

Say: 'Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and of the Great Throne'

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

Say: "Who is (the) Lord of the seven heavens, and (the) Lord of the Great Throne"

21 Wahiduddin Khan

Say, "Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and of the Glorious Throne?"

22 Talal Itani

Say, “Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and Lord of the Splendid Throne?”

23 Tafsir jalalayn

Say; `Who is the Lord of the seven heavens and the Lord of the Great Throne?', that is, the throne (kurs).

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

Say;"Who is Lord of the seven heavens, and Lord of the Great Throne!"

means, "Who is the Creator of the higher realm with its planets, lights and angels who submit to Him in all regions and in all directions! Who is the Lord of the Great Throne, which is the highest of all created things!"

Allah says here;

وَرَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ


and Lord of the Great Throne,

meaning the Mighty Throne.

At the end of the Surah, Allah says;

رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْكَرِيمِ


the Lord of the Supreme Throne! (23;116),
meaning splendid and magnificent.
The Throne combines the features of height and vastness with splendor and magnificence. This is why it was said that it is made of red rubies.

Ibn Mas`ud said,

"There is no night or day with your Lord, and the light of the Throne is from the Light of His Face."

سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ قُلْ أَفَلَ تَتَّقُونَ