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wahuwa
وَهُوَ
And He
alladhī
ٱلَّذِى
(is) the One Who
jaʿala
جَعَلَ
made
al-layla
ٱلَّيْلَ
the night
wal-nahāra
وَٱلنَّهَارَ
and the day
khil'fatan
خِلْفَةً
(in) succession
liman
لِّمَنْ
for whoever
arāda
أَرَادَ
desires
an
أَن
to
yadhakkara
يَذَّكَّرَ
remember
aw
أَوْ
or
arāda
أَرَادَ
desires
shukūran
شُكُورًا
to be thankful.

Wa huwal lazee ja'alal laila wannahaara khilfatal liman araada ai yazzakkara aw araadaa shookooraa

Sahih International:

And it is He who has made the night and the day in succession for whoever desires to remember or desires gratitude.

1 A. J. Arberry

And it is He who made the night and day a succession for whom He desires to remember or He desires to be thankful.

2 Abdul Haleem

it is He who made the night and day follow each other- so anyone who wishes may be mindful or show gratitude.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

And it is He Who hath appointed the night and the day a succession, for him who desireth to consider or desireth to be grateful.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

And it is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other; for such as have the will to celebrate His praises or to show their gratitude.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

He it is Who caused the night and the day to succeed each other so that everyone who desires may learn a lesson or become grateful.

6 Ahmed Ali

It is He who made the night and day an alternation for him who cares to reflect and be grateful.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

And it is He Who created the alternation of the night and day for one who wishes to remember or intends to give thanks.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

It is He who made the night and the day alternate for someone who desires to take admonition, or desires to give thanks.

9 Ali Ünal

It is He Who has appointed the night and the day to succeed one another, providing a sign for whoever desires to reflect and so be mindful, or desires to be thankful.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

And it is He Who has made the night and the day, one following the other; (He has done it) for (the benefit of) the person who would care to receive exhortation and who would care to be grateful.

11 English Literal

And He is who made/put the night and the daytime different/succeeding (one another) to who wanted that he remembers or wanted gratefulness .

12 Faridul Haque

And it is He Who created the alternation of the night and day for one who wishes to remember or intends to give thanks.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

Blessed be He who placed in the heavens mansions (constellations) of stars, and has placed therein a great lamp and an illuminating moon!

14 Hilali & Khan

And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession, for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

Blessed is He Who made the stars in the heavens and made therein a sun and a moon giving light!

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

And He it is Who made the night and the day to follow each other for him who desires to be mindful or desires to be thankful.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

And He it is Who hath appointed night and day in succession, for him who desireth to remember, or desireth thankfulness.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

It is He who has made the night and the day, one proceeding the other, for whoever wants to take heed or give thanks.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

It is He who has made the night and day follow each other for those whom He desires to remember or He desires to be thankful.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession (Khilfatan), for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

it is He who has made night and day succeed each other, a sign for those who would take heed and would be grateful.

22 Talal Itani

And it is He who made the night and the day alternate—for whoever desires to reflect, or desires to show gratitude.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

And He it is Who made the night and day [to appear] in succession, that is, one succeeding the other, for him who desires to remember (read yadhdhakkara or yadhkura, as before [Q. 25;50]) -- so that if he misses [the opportunity to do] some good during the one, he can do it during the other; or desires to be thankful, for the graces of his Lord to him during both [of these periods].

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ خِلْفَةً

And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession (Khilfatan),

meaning, each one comes after the other, in a never-ending alternation. When one goes the other comes, and vice versa, as Allah says;

وَسَخَّر لَكُمُ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ دَايِبَينَ

And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses. (14;33)

يُغْشِى الَّيْلَ النَّهَارَ يَطْلُبُهُ حَثِيثًا

He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly. (7;54)

لَا الشَّمْسُ يَنبَغِى لَهَأ أَن تدْرِكَ القَمَرَ

It is not for the sun to overtake the moon. (36;40)

لِّمَنْ أَرَادَ أَن يَذَّكَّرَ أَوْ أَرَادَ شُكُورًا



for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.

means, He has caused them both to follow one another to show the times when His servants should worship Him. So whoever misses an act of worship during the night can make it up during the day, and whoever misses an act of worship during the day can make it up during the night.

It was recorded in a Sahih Hadith;

إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَبْسُطُ يَدَهُ بِاللَّيْلِ لِيَتُوبَ مُسِيءُ النَّهَارِ وَيَبْسُطُ يَدَهُ بِالنَّهَارِ لِيَتُوبَ مُسِيءُ اللَّيْل


Allah spreads forth His Hand at night for the one who has done evil during the day to repent, and He spreads forth His Hand during the day for the one who has done evil during the night to repent.

Mujahid and Qatadah said;

"Khilfatan means different, i.e., because one is dark and the other is light.