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wawaṣṣaynā
وَوَصَّيْنَا
And We have enjoined
l-insāna
ٱلْإِنسَٰنَ
(upon) man
biwālidayhi
بِوَٰلِدَيْهِ
for his parents -
ḥamalathu
حَمَلَتْهُ
carried him
ummuhu
أُمُّهُۥ
his mother
wahnan
وَهْنًا
(in) weakness
ʿalā
عَلَىٰ
upon
wahnin
وَهْنٍ
weakness,
wafiṣāluhu
وَفِصَٰلُهُۥ
and his weaning
فِى
(is) in
ʿāmayni
عَامَيْنِ
two years
ani
أَنِ
that
ush'kur
ٱشْكُرْ
"Be grateful
لِى
to Me
waliwālidayka
وَلِوَٰلِدَيْكَ
and to your parents;
ilayya
إِلَىَّ
towards Me
l-maṣīru
ٱلْمَصِيرُ
(is) the destination.

Wa wassainal bi waalidaihi hamalat hu ummuhoo wahnan 'alaa wahninw wa fisaaluhoo fee 'aamaini anishkur lee wa liwaalidaika ilaiyal maseer

Sahih International:

And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination.

1 A. J. Arberry

(And We have charged man concerning his parents -- his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years -- 'Be thankful to Me, and to thy parents; to Me is the homecoming.

2 Abdul Haleem

We have commanded people to be good to their parents: their mothers carried them, with strain upon strain, and it takes two years to wean them. Give thanks to Me and to your parents- all will return to Me.

3 Abdul Majid Daryabadi

And We have enjoined upon man concerning his parents--his mother beareth him in hardship upon hardship and his weaning is in two years: give thanks unto Me and unto thy parents; Unto Me is the goal.

4 Abdullah Yusuf Ali

And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents; in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning; (hear the command), "Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents; to Me is (thy final) Goal.

5 Abul Ala Maududi

We enjoined upon man to be dutiful to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning lasted two years. (We, therefore, enjoined upon him): “Give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me is your ultimate return.

6 Ahmed Ali

We have committed man about his parents. His mother carries him in her womb in weakness and debility, weaning him in two years. So he should be grateful to Me and his parents. To Me is the journeying back.

7 Ahmed Raza Khan

And We ordained upon man concerning his parents; his mother bore him enduring weakness upon weakness, and his suckling is up to two years – therefore be thankful to Me and to your parents; finally towards Me is the return.

8 Ali Quli Qarai

We have enjoined man concerning his parents: His mother carried him through weakness upon weakness, and his weaning takes two years. Give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me is the return.

9 Ali Ünal

We have enjoined on human in respect with his parents: his mother bore him in strain upon strain, and his weaning was in two years. (So, O human,) be thankful to Me and to your parents. To Me is the final homecoming.

10 Amatul Rahman Omar

`And (Allâh says), "We have enjoined on every human being concerning his parents (to be good to them). His mother is worn and wasted in bearing him and it takes her two years to wean him. And give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me shall be the (ultimate) return (of you all).

11 English Literal

And We recommended/commanded the human with his parents, his mother carried/conceived/was pregnant (with) him weakness/feebleness on weakness/feebleness, and his weaning/separation in two years, that thank/be grateful to Me and to your parents, to Me (is) the end/destination.

12 Faridul Haque

And We ordained upon man concerning his parents; his mother bore him enduring weakness upon weakness, and his suckling is up to two years – therefore be thankful to Me and to your parents; finally towards Me is the return.

13 Hamid S. Aziz

And (remember) when Luqman said to his son while admonishing him, "O my boy! Associate none with Allah, for, verily, such association is a mighty wrong."-

14 Hilali & Khan

And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, unto Me is the final destination.

15 Maulana Mohammad Ali

And certainly We gave Luqman wisdom, saying: Give thanks to Allah. And whoever is thankful, is thankful for his own soul; and whoever denies, then surely Allah is Self-Sufficient, Praised.

16 Mohammad Habib Shakir

And We have enjoined man in respect of his parents-- his mother bears him with faintings upon faintings and his weaning takes two years-- saying: Be grateful to Me and to both your parents; to Me is the eventual coming.

17 Mohammed Marmaduke William Pickthall

And We have enjoined upon man concerning his partners - His mother beareth him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years - Give thanks unto Me and unto thy parents. Unto Me is the journeying.

18 Muhammad Sarwar

(Concerning his parents), We advised the man, whose mother bears him with great pain and breast-feeds him for two years, to give thanks to Me first and then to them, to Me all things proceed.

19 Qaribullah & Darwish

And We charged the human concerning his parents, for his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years. Be thankful to Me and to your parents, to Me is the arrival.

20 Safi-ur-Rahman al-Mubarakpuri

And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years -- give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination.

21 Wahiduddin Khan

We have enjoined man to show kindness to his parents -- for his mother bears him, in hardship upon hardship, and his weaning takes two years. [We said] Give thanks to Me and to your parents; all will return to Me.

22 Talal Itani

We have entrusted the human being with the care of his parents. His mother carried him through hardship upon hardship, weaning him in two years. So give thanks to Me, and to your parents. To Me is the destination.

23 Tafsir jalalayn

And We have enjoined man concerning his parents, We commanded him to be dutiful towards them -- his mother bears him, and weakens, in weakness after weakness, that is to say, she is weakened by the pregnancy, the pains of labour and the delivery; and his weaning is in two years, and We said to him [to man]; `Give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me is the journey's end, the return.

24 Tafseer Ibn Kathir

وَوَصَّيْنَا الاِْنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْنًا عَلَى وَهْنٍ

And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship,

Mujahid said;"The hardship of bearing the child."

Qatadah said;"Exhaustion upon exhaustion."

Ata' Al-Khurasani said;"Weakness upon weakness."

وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَيْنِ

and his weaning is in two years,

means, after he is born, he is breastfed and weaned within two years.

This is like the Ayah,

وَالْوَلِدَتُ يُرْضِعْنَ أَوْلَـدَهُنَّ حَوْلَيْنِ كَامِلَيْنِ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَن يُتِمَّ الرَّضَاعَةَ

The mothers shall give suck to their children for two whole years, for those who desire to complete the term of suckling. (2;233)

On this basis, Ibn Abbas and other Imams understood that the shortest possible period of pregnancy was six months, because Allah says elsewhere;

وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَـلُهُ ثَلَثُونَ شَهْراً

and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty months (46;15).

Allah mentions how the mother brings the child up, and how she gets tired and suffers stress from staying up with the child night and day, to remind the son of her previous kind treatment of him.

This is like the Ayah,

وَقُل رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرًا

and say;"My Lord! Bestow on them Your mercy as they did bring me up when I was young." (17;24)

Allah says here;

أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيْكَ إِلَيَّ الْمَصِيرُ



give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination.

means, `I will reward you most generously for that.